rheinmetall 120 mm l55

Add to wishlist. [9] For example, at the fighting at Sultan Yakoub, during the 1982 Lebanon War, the Israeli government claimed to have destroyed nine Syrian T-72s with the Merkava main battle tank, armed with an Israeli production version of the American M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun (which in turn was based on the British L7). Login to manage your stash. $28.85 USD $28.85 USD. [22] The gun's barrel weighs 1,190 kilograms (2,620 lb),[23] and on the M1 Abrams the gun mount weighs 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb),[24] while the new barrel (L/55) is 55 calibers long, 1.30 meters (4.3 ft) longer. "Japanese Armored Vehicle Development". Fort Knox, KY: U.S. Armor Center. Is a Rheinmetall L55 120mm more powerful than a Rheinmetall L55 120mm, or even a 5-Inch/54-caliber (Mk 45) … Development commenced in 2015, financed entirely using internal funding, as a response to the Russian introduction of new generation armored vehicles like the T-14 Armata tank, and the first technical demonstrator (TD) was completed in May 2016. [37] On 29 October 1991, the governments of Switzerland, the Netherlands and Germany agreed to cooperate in the development of a modernization program for the Leopard 2. By 1990, the L/44 was not considered powerful enough to deal with future Soviet armour, which stimulated an effort by Rheinmetall to develop a better main armament. [65], The Israeli Army introduced a new round known as the Laser Homing Anti-Tank (LAHAT) projectile. [15] However, the German Army was interested in a tank gun which could fire conventional ammunition. Worried about the inability of the 105-millimetre (4.1 in) L7 tank gun then in use across NATO forces to penetrate new Soviet armor, Rheinmetall began development of a new tank gun in 1965. [5] Ten of the 17 turrets built were equipped with the 105 mm smoothbore gun, and the other seven were equipped with the larger 120 mm gun. [70]. [57] The United States Armed Forces accepted a new demolition round, called the M908 Obstacle Defeating Round, based on the M830A1 MPAT, but with the proximity fuse replaced by a hardened nose cap. 0252-9793. Clemens (1999), p. 15; based on the United States' M256 gun. Mönch. [50] The M829 series centers around the depleted uranium penetrator, designed to penetrate enemy armor through kinetic energy and to shatter inside the turret, doing much damage within the tank. This gun was retrofitted into German and Dutch Leopard 2s, and chosen as the main gun of the Spanish Leopard 2E, the Greek Leopard 2HEL, and South Korean K2 Black Panther battle tank. [33] The T-80B had increased firepower[34] and a new composite ceramic armor. [32], The appearance of new Soviet tanks such as the T-80B during the late 1970s and early 1980s demanded the development of new technologies and weapons to counter the threat posed to Western armor. From JDW: At a press briefing in early October 2016, Rheinmetall gave further details of the 120 mm smoothbore armament system that it will … It's new 130mm design is shorter than the 120mm L55. The LAHAT, developed in Israel, is a gun-launched missile which has received interest from Germany and other Leopard 2 users, and is designed to defeat both land armour and combat helicopters. [59] The LAHAT has been offered as an option for the Leopard 2, and has been marketed by both Israel Military Industries and Rheinmetall to Leopard 2 users. The bore evacuator and the gun's thermal sleeve, designed to regulate the temperature of the barrel, are made of glass-reinforced plastic, while the barrel has a chrome lining to increase barrel lif… Mönch. Center for Technology and National Security Policy. [1] A further development, called the DM63, improved upon the round by introducing a new temperature-independent propellant, which allows the propellant to have a constant pattern of expansion between ambient temperatures inside the gun barrel from −47 °C (−53 °F) to +71 °C (160 °F). [21], Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has a caliber of 120 mm, and a length of 44 calibers (5.28 meters (17.3 ft)). It was ultimately judged to be unnecessary, especially given the trouble that … This first involved a 140-millimeter (5.5 in) tank gun named Neue Panzerkanone 140 ("new tank gun 140"), but later turned into a compromise which led to the development of an advanced 120 mm gun, the L/55, based on the same internal geometry as the L/44 and installed in the same breech and mount. Add to cart. [78] The American license-built M256 has also been offered by General Dynamics Land Systems as part of the M60-2000 Main Battle Tank which would upgrade older M60 Patton tanks to have capabilities of their M1A1 Abrams at a reduced cost, though the company has not yet found a buyer. Description . [53], Both Germany and the United States have developed several other rounds. $18.99 + $4.50 shipping . There are two very good answers here, let me elaborate a little with my experience on the matter as a tanker when the Germans were first deciding on the change. The new tank carried a three-man crew, with the driver in the turret, an automatic loader for the main gun, a 20-millimeter (0.79 in) autocannon as secondary armament, an active hydropneumatic suspension and spaced armour on the glacis plate and the front turret. [51] The DM43 is a further development of this round, co-developed between Germany and France. [61] The United States also has a MPAT type projectile, known as the M830. [63] The M1 Abrams can use the M1028 canister round, which is an anti-personnel/anti-helicopter munition, packed with over 1,000 tungsten balls. [1] A further development, called the DM63, improved upon the round by introducing a new temperature-independent propellant, which allows the propellant to have a constant pattern of expansion between ambient temperatures inside the gun barrel from −47 °C (−53 °F) to +71 °C (160 °F). [42] The new barrel weighs 1,347 kg (2,970 lb). [48], The United States developed its own kinetic energy round using a depleted uranium penetrator known as the M829,[49] followed by improved versions. Production began in 1974, with the first version of the gun, known as the L/44 as it was 44 calibers long, used on the German Leopard 2 tank and soon produced under license for the American M1A1 Abrams and other tanks. Free shipping . [62] This was later developed into the M830A1, which allows the M1 Abrams to use the round against helicopters. In 2006, a single Challenger 2 was fitted with the L55 for trials under the Challenger Lethality Improvement Programme and although the army was impressed the project proceeded no further as funding was prioritised to meet immediate operational requirements in … [39] Both the Spanish Leopard 2E and the Greek Leopard 2HEL, as derivatives of the Leopard 2A6, use the 55 caliber-long tank gun.[42]. The bore evacuator and the gun's thermal sleeve, designed to regulate the temperature of the barrel, are made of glass-reinforced plastic, while the barrel has a chrome lining to increase barrel life. Alternative SKUs for Orange Hobby G35-163: OH G35-163. It comes in two main variants: L44 and the L55. [27] Although the American M1 Abrams was originally armed with the M68A1 105 mm gun (a version of the L7),[28] the United States Army had planned to fit the tank with a larger main gun at a later date,[29] and the tank's turret had been designed to accommodate a larger 120 mm gun. Tanks armed with versions of Rheinmetall's gun produced under licence include Japan's Type 90[31] and South Korea's K1A1. Owing to the widespread adoption of both the Leopard 2 and the Abrams, the Rheinmetall 120 mm gun is the most widely used weapon system in its class. [5], Production of the German Leopard 2 and the new 120 mm tank gun began in 1979, fulfilling an order for the German Army. [74] Egypt had manufactured 700–800 M1A1 Abrams by 2005,[75] and in 2008 requested permission to build another 125 tanks; their M256 main guns (the US version of the L/44) were manufactured by Watervliet Arsenal. [8] At the fighting at Sultan Yakoub, during the 1982 Lebanon War, the Israeli government claimed to have destroyed nine Syrian T-72s with the Merkava main battle tank, armed with an Israeli version of the American M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun. [3][4] The first instance of a larger Soviet tank gun was witnessed on the chassis of a modified T-55 in 1961. Leopard 2's L44/L55 gun. [52] In 2002, production of the M829A3 began, which is said to be able to defeat the latest versions of Russian explosive reactive armor. Maxwell, David (1 February 2003). The American version, the M256, uses a coil spring recoil system instead of a hydraulic system. The Rheinmetall 120 mm gun is a smoothbore tank gun designed and produced by the West German Rheinmetall-DeTec AG company, developed in response to Soviet advances in armor technology and development of new armored threats. The extension of the barrel length from calibre length 44 to calibre length 55 results in a greater portion of the available energy in the barrel being converted into projectile velocity increasing the range and armour penetration. Compared to the 2700 kg 120 mm gun, the 130 mm has a 1,400 kg (3,100 lb) barrel and an all-up weight of 3000 kg including the recoil system. [41] The longer barrel allows ammunition to attain higher velocities; for example, with new kinetic energy penetrators ammunition can reach velocities of around 1,750 m/s (5,700 ft/s). [11] This led Israel to opt for a 120 mm tank gun during the development process of the Merkava III main battle tank. Clemens, Jon (1 July 1999). Completed (0x) Nobody . [22], Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has a caliber of 120 mm, and a length of 44 calibers (5.28 meters (17.3 ft)). Continuously improving the performance of 120mm tank gun and ammunition technology has long been one of Rheinmetall’s highest priorities. L44. The LAHAT, developed in Israel, is a gun-launched missile which has received interest from Germany and other Leopard 2 users, and is designed to defeat both land armour and combat helicopters. Recent ammunition includes a range of anti-personnel rounds and demolition munitions. The 120-millimetre (4.7 in) gun has a length of 5.28 metres (17.3 ft), and the gun system weighs approximately 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb). [21] Instead, the Germans opted for Rheinmetall's 120 mm L/44 smoothbore tank gun. [26] The gun's recoil mechanism is composed of two hydraulic retarders and a hydropneumatic assembly. The gun's barrel weighs 1,190 kilograms (2,620 lb), and on the M1 Abrams the gun mount weighs 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb), while the new barrel (L/55) is 55 calibers long, 1.30 meters (4.3 ft) longer.The bore evacuator and the gun's thermal sleeve, designed to regulate the temperature of the barrel, are made of glass-reinforced plastic, while the barrel has a chrome lining to increase barrel life. Rheinmetall Soldier Electronics develops the latest version of the ultra-compact laser module series "Vario-Ray LowProfile". [66] The LAHAT has been offered as an option for the Leopard 2, and has been marketed by both Israel Military Industries and Rheinmetall to Leopard 2 users. The new 130 mm gun has an L/51 chrome-lined smoothbore barrel with a vertical sliding breech mechanism, increased chamber volume, no muzzle brake, a thermal sleeve, and a muzzle reference system (MRS) enabling it to be boresighted on a more regular basis without the crew needing to leave the platform. Originally the gun ha… Rome, New York: Advanced Materials and Processes Technology Information Analysis Center. As the L/55 retains the same barrel geometry, it can fire the same ammunition as the L/44. This round is fired from the M256 120mm smoothbore cannon on the M1A1/M1A2 Abrams tank. These include the German DM12 multi-purpose anti-tank projectile (MPAT), based on the technology in a high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead. Jane's Armour & Artillery Upgrades (subscription). A variety of ammunition has been developed for use by tanks with guns based on Rheinmetall's original L/44 design. Part of this program included the introduction of a longer 120 mm tank gun,[39] a cheaper alternative to a brand new tank gun,[40] increasing the maximum range of the gun by an estimated 1,500 m (1,600 yd). Hilmes, Rolf (1 March 2007). The ammunition is manufactured by Zakłady Produkcji Specjalnej Sp. [56] In 1998, the United States military introduced the M829A2, which has an improved depleted uranium penetrator and composite sabot petals. [4], Production of the German Leopard 2 and the new 120 mm tank gun began in 1979, fulfilling an order for the German Army. Mönch Editorial Group. Because of concerns about the inability of the 105-millimeter (4.1 in) L7 tank gun then in use across NATO forces to penetrate new Soviet armor, as proved in German tests on four T-62 Soviet tanks captured by Israel following the June 1967 Six-Day War, Rheinmetall was paid for the development of a new tank gun. [76] The M1A1 has also been exported to Australia,[77] while the M1A2 Abrams has been exported to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has a caliber of 120 mm, and a length of 44 calibers (5.28 meters (17.3 ft)). Mönch Editorial Group. The Leopard 2A6 and its longer L/55 main gun have been exported for use by the Canadian Army, and the Netherlands upgraded part of its original fleet of Leopard 2s with the more powerful armament. [67] Israeli Merkavas make use of a round known as the APAM, which is an anti-personnel munition designed to release fragmentation at controlled intervals to limit the extent of damage. According to IHS Jane’s, Rheinmetall has proposed replacing the rifled L30A1 gun of the British Challenger 2 with the smoothbore L55 120mm gun. Austria, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Indonesia, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey. Jane's Ammunition Handbook (subscription), Israel Aerospace Industries LAser Homing Anti-Tank (LAHAT) projectile (Israel), Gun-launched guided projectiles, Leopard 2: the world's most advanced main battle tank, "Rheinmetall Ups Tank Firepower with new 130mm Gun – Defense Update", German Rheinmetall works on new 130mm tank gun, "Eurosatory 2016: Rheinmetall lifts the lid on new 130 mm tank gun", Rheinmetall Ups Tank Firepower with new 130mm Gun, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J8Sa_q-Lz6g, https://www.armyrecognition.com/defense_news_july_2020_global_security_army_industry/rheinmettall_unveils_new_leopard_tank_mbt_with_130mm_cannon.html, "ATK Specifications: 120mm M829A3 APFSDS-T Ammunition", "Rheinmetall Press Release 17 February 2013", "Army ammunition data sheets artillery ammunition: guns, howitzers, mortars, recoilless rifles, grenade launchers, and artillery fuzes (FSC 1310, 1315, 1320, 1390)", Tanks for the Lesson: Leopards, too, for Canada, http://www.military-today.com/tanks/altay.htm, https://www.c4defence.com/Arsiv/almanya-da%C2%A0leopard-tanklarinin-yarisi-calisamaz-durumda/5158/1, "Firing US 120mm Tank Ammunition in the Leopard 2 Main Battle Tank", Lance-grenade individuel Mle F1 (LGI Mle F1), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rheinmetall_Rh-120&oldid=996569895, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Franco-German project, in French service as the OFL 120 F1 round, Multipurpose HEAT round with smart fuze able to be used against helicopters. [23] The gun's barrel weighs 1,190 kilograms (2,600 lb),[24] and on the M1 Abrams the gun mount weighs 3,317 kilograms (7,310 lb),[25] while the new barrel (L/55) is 55 calibers long, 1.30 meters (4.3 ft) longer. Jane's Ammunition Handbook (subscription). Leopard 2 users who want to upgrade their MBT fleet or parts of it to the more powerful 120mm L55 barrel are the target group for this technical approach. This includes a series of kinetic energy penetrators, such as the American M829 series, and high explosive anti-tank warheads. An immediate improvement, known as the M829A1, was called the "Silver Bullet" after its good combat performance during the Gulf War against Iraqi T-55s, T-62s and T-72 tanks. [23], The longer tank gun has been retrofitted into the Leopard 2, creating a model known as the Leopard 2A6. The German company is proposing the solution as part of plans to extend the life of the CR2 through the British Army’s Life Extension Programme (LEP). The new propellant powders, known as surface-coated double-base (SCDB) propellants, allow the DM63 to be used in many climates with consistent results. [17], An M1A1 Abrams, firing its US built M256 120 mm tank gun, In 1967 the German Ministry of Defense decided to re-open a Leopard 1 improvement program, known as the Vergoldeter Leopard ("Gilded Leopard"), later renamed the Keiler ("Wild Boar"). The L/55 is 1.32 meters (4.3 ft) longer, giving increased muzzle velocity to ammunition fired through it. Fogg, William; Robert Horner (1 May 1994). [10] Whether or not true, the Soviets test-fired a number of Israeli M111 Hetz armor-piercing discarding sabot rounds at Kubinka, finding the 105-millimeter (4.1 in) round was able to perforate the T-72's sloped front section plate but not its turret armor. [44][45][46] In July 2020, Rheinmetall unveilled a testbed tank for the gun in a new turret, mounted on a Challenger 2 hull. The Rheinmetall L55 gun is already in service with Canada, Finland, Germany, Greece, Portugal, Qatar, and Spain. The bore evacuator and the gun's thermal sleeve, designed to regulate the temperature of the barrel, are made of glass-reinforced plastic, while the barrel has a chrome lining to increase barrel life. Recent ammunition includes a wide range of new anti-personnel rounds and demolition munitions, giving tanks armed with the L/44 and its derivatives greater versatility on the modern battlefield. The M831A1 replaced the earlier M831 TP-T round. [41] The new barrel weighs 1,347 kg (2,970 lb). [69], On early 2013 Rheinmetall announced two new rounds suitable for the L44 and the L55 guns, the DM11 HE round designed for lightly armored targets, field fortifications and targets behind cover and a lower cost alternative to the DM11 the HE SQ Rh31. The cap allows the round to impact and embed itself in concrete, then exploding inside the target and causing more damage. Eshel, Tamir (1 February 2005). [63] Egypt had manufactured 700–800 M1A1 Abrams by 2005,[64] and in 2008 requested permission to build another 125 tanks; their M256 main guns (the US version of the L/44) were manufactured by Watervliet Arsenal. [23] The gun's barrel weighs 1,190 kilograms (2,620 lb),[24] and on the M1 Abrams the gun mount weighs 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb),[25] while the new barrel (L/55) is 55 calibers long, 1.30 meters (4.3 ft) longer. Rheinmetall is developing a new generation APFSDS round featuring a semi-combustible cartridge case, new propellant, and new advanced long rod tungsten penetrator as well as a high-explosive air-bursting munition (HE ABM) based on the 120 mm DM11 HE ABM in parallel with the gun; the cartridges are 30 kg (66 lb) and 1.3 m (4.3 ft) long with, according to the company, the increase of 8% in caliber resulting in 50% more kinetic energy over the 120 mm gun. "The Spanish Leopard 2E: A Magnificent Tool". [5] In 1965, the Soviet Union's T-62 made its first public appearance, armed with a 115-millimeter (4.5 in) smoothbore tank gun. A further improved M829E4 round with a segmented penetrator to defeat Relikt has been under development since 2011 and was to be fielded as the M829A4 in 2015. [20] Another program aimed to mount the 152-millimeter (6.0 in) missile-gun was also developed in an attempt to save components from the MBT-70, but in 1971 the program was ended for economic reasons. [31] Tanks armed with versions of Rheinmetall's gun produced under licence include Japan's Type 90[32] and South Korea's K1A1. Related products. The 120-millimeter (4.7 in) gun has a length of 5.28 meters (17.3 ft), and the gun system weighs approximately 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb). [6] In 1965, the Soviet Union's T-62 made its first public appearance, armed with a 115-millimeter (4.5 in) smoothbore tank gun. Warford, James M. (1 September 2006). It has been tested on the British Challenger 2 as a potential replacement for its current weapon, the rifled L30 120 mm cannon. Evaluated by the US Army between 1998 and 2001, this M1A2 featured a 120mm M256E1 gun with a new tube derived from the Rheinmetall L/55 found on the Leopard 2A6. [12] This led Israel to opt for a 120 mm tank gun during the development process of the Merkava III main battle tank. The introduction of the longer barrel came hand in hand with the introduction of a new kinetic energy penetrator, the DM53. The MBT Advanced Technology Demonstrator also has improved firepower with the mounting of the Rheinmetall L55 120mm smoothbore main gun. Hilmes, Rolf (1 December 2004). The barrel has a calibre of 120 mm, and an overall length of 44 calibres (5.28 m). [45] The DM23 was eventually replaced by the DM33, which was also adopted by Japan, Italy, Netherlands and Switzerland. A project started in 1965, as the Bundeswehr felt a more powerful gun was needed for its new tanks. In 1985 the new T-72B version entered production, with a new laminate armor protection system; its turret armor, designed primarily to defeat anti-tank missiles, surpassed the T-80B's in protection. The L55 also features optimized barrel material. [14], In 1963 Germany and the United States had already embarked on a joint tank program, known as the MBT-70. [26] The gun's recoil mechanism is composed of two hydraulic retarders and a hydropneumatic assembly. [43], Engineers believe the weapon can only be used with an automatic loader and new turret design. Bolté, Philip L.; Iwao Hayashi (1 January 1997). Furthermore, the missile can be fired by both 105-millimeter (4.1 in) and 120 mm tank guns. Muzzle of a Rheinmetall 120 mm L/55 tank gun on a Spanish Leopard 2E. For example, a long line of armor-piercing discarding sabot (APDS) rounds was developed by Rheinmetall. Orange Hobby 1/35 G35-072 Spring Antenna Mast Base for Modern US military. 120 mm L44 Tank Gun As the standard NATO smoothbore gun for main battle tanks Leopard 2 and AbramsM1A1, Rheinmetall’s L44 tank gun proved superior to all rivals in the 120 mm arena. [60] Israeli Merkavas make use of a round known as the APAM, which is an anti-personnel munition designed to release fragmentation at controlled intervals to limit the extent of damage. [28] The larger gun was integrated into the M1A1 Abrams, with the first vehicle coming off the production line in 1985[30] The gun, known as the M256, was based on the L/44 tank gun, although manufactured at Watervliet Arsenal. [46] The DM43 is a further development of this round, co-developed between Germany and France. It was also planned for the vehicle to be equipped with Rheinmetall's experimental 140 mm smoothbore gun, though this had to be abandoned when Rheinmetall ceased development upon the rationale that its current weapon, the 120 mm/L55 would be more than adequate to counter prospective armored threats for the foreseeable future. When originally mentioned by Autobild.de, I assumed they had made a typo and refered to the original 140 mm NPzK tank gun being developed in the late-1980s and 1990s. Production began in 1974, with the first version of the gun, known as the L/44 as it was 44 calibers long, used on the German Leopard 2 tank and soon produced under license for the American M1A1 Abrams and other tanks. By 1990 the L/44 was not considered powerful enough to deal with the future Soviet armour, which stimulated an effort by Rheinmetall to develop a better main armament. Simple: Because the L-55 did not exist when the Abrams was built. Rheinmetall introduced a larger Rh-130 130 mm L/51 tank gun at Eurosatory 2016 in June 2016. "The Secret Testing of Israeli M111 "Hetz" Ammunition: A Model of Failed Commander's Responsibility". Stash. DM11 cartridge on behalf of the German Ministry of Defence. "Army Targets Age Old Problems with New Gun Barrel Technologies". Rheinmetall has revealed more details of its proposal to upgrade the British Army’s CHALLENGER 2 (CR2) main battle tank (MBT), which includes a brand new turret incorporating the company’s L55 smoothbore 120mm cannon.. Also check if the product actually matches! 43 ], both Germany and France Col. ) James W. Loop ( 1982 ) – Israel 's MBT. [ 36 ] the T-72 also went through a modernization program in an to. More damage was outfitted with the introduction of a new kinetic energy penetrators, as. ( 1 December 2005 ) with the introduction of a Rheinmetall 120 mm smoothbore is. The same ammunition as the contractor, and Spain in 2006 and is part owned Rheinmetall. 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For Orange Hobby 1/35 G35-072 Spring Antenna Mast Base for Modern US military, Richard ; John Lyons Duncan... The missile can be fired by both 105-millimeter ( 4.1 in ) and mm. 'S Armour & Artillery Upgrades ( subscription ) gun 's recoil mechanism composed... Developed the T-72M1 Abrams ( M1A1 and M1A2 ) are fitted with Rheinmetall 's 155. Metal or photo-etched parts for detailing AFV kits L. ; Iwao Hayashi ( 1 December 2005 ) project in... Include Japan 's type 90 [ rheinmetall 120 mm l55 ] and South Korea, and Spain fragmentation the. Gun control system is fitted as a potential replacement for its new tanks for K2... Smoothbore cannon on the British Challenger 2 as a potential replacement for its new.. Hayashi ( 1 January 1997 ) which has an improved depleted uranium penetrator composite... Guns based on Rheinmetall 's original L/44 design Enters service '' more Potent ammunition Prepares the Leopard to a. 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