All members of the same rank and years of service receive the same pay, which is based on active-duty pay prorated to reflect their part-time service. Having part-time members who are fully skilled, capable and ready to deploy, cuts back on the need for active full-time employees and provides the ability to fill in gaps when needed, without being over-staffed. When Can a Retired National Guard Begin Retirement Pay? For example, Oklahoma and Alabama pay the full tuition for its Air National Guard members who attend a state university or college. 20 Best Jobs For Veterans With and Without A Degree. Both the Army Reserves and the Army National Guard have commands that include medical, legal, police, etc. All wear the uniform of their respective service. When considering whether to enter into the Army National Guard or Reserves, it is important to consider how promotions work. Guardsmen under the federal mission have an obligation to serve their country and may be deployed to any location that requires it. Related Article – Navy Reserve Benefits. Military Reserves or National Guard has a wage GINI of 0.389, which is less than than the national average of 0.479. New recruits without prior military experience must attend basic military training, regardless of whether they are joining the reserves or the guard. However, because the National Guard serves the state, there are additional opportunities for education tuition assistance and bonuses. Related Article – National Guard Tattoo Policy For 2020. Related Article – Air Force Reserve Benefits. Both the National Guard and the reserves offer to teach those who enlist useful skills, and to assign soldiers to tasks and jobs they show an aptitude for. Air National Guard A reserve component of the Air Force that requires members to attend drill weekend once a month and active duty training two weeks each year. Both the Reserves and the National Guard offer roughly the same training to their soldiers. Army Reserves can be deployed as whole units and are known for quick mobilization. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Military Reserves or National Guard (shown in red) in comparison to the national average for those wage buckets (shown in gray). The Army Reserves cannot be called upon by the state. Intuit TurboTax: Is the Okahoma National Guard Pay Exemption Gone? This is because they are complete mobilized units and can be used in deployment areas, as additional support in fields that are in high demand when deployed, have careers unique to the reserves and they fill domestic positions when individuals are deployed. Guard is state and federal mission. Bureau of Labor Statistics: Military Careers – Work Environment, U.S. Air Force Reserve: Frequently Asked Questions, Army National Guard: Basic Combat Training, Air National Guard: Serving: Drill Weekends, Governing.com: Military Active-Duty Personnel, Civilians by State, WVTM 13: New Law Pays Full Tuition for Alabama National Guard Members. The Army Reserve holds fully deployable units and soldiers that may be activated to full-time duty to support specialized capabilities or replace soldiers in high demand areas who have been deployed. The Army reserve has an authorized strength of 199,000 soldiers, 11,000 civilians, and 2,075 units. The Army Reserve and the National Guard might seem similar at first, but the more you know, you'll discover that they are really quite different! The state can mobilize National Guard units for domestic use and the President can mobilize National Guard units for national emergencies. Army Reserve members have different requirements than Air Force Reservists, for example, and you may find that some branches of service have smaller Reserve “footprints” than others. references. Together, the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard make up the Reserve components of the United States Armed Forces. Individuals typically weigh three factors when choosing between the guard or the reserves. Personnel in the National Guard assist in their home state in addition to meeting the needs of the country, serving locally and abroad. Personnel in the Army Reserves can work in the majority of career fields that are open to enlisted members. Required fields are marked *. They are found in every state, five U.S. territories, and 30 countries for a total of 20% of the Army’s units. Air Guard may have a job you want to train into that's not available with the reserve unit. Reserve units are part of the federal armed forces, and as such they are under presidential command. State missions are what they are most known for and are when Guardsmen help with their communities. While both the Army Reserves and the Army National Guard can serve in deployment, the job responsibilities remain different. Also, the National Guard has more combat and support positions, while the Reserves has mostly support positions. Guard usually has better education benefits. Like reservists, guard personnel commit to serving one weekend each month and two weeks each year. Related Article: Does The National Guard Pay For College? Related Article – Marine Corps Reserve Benefits. The Army Reserves requires a high school diploma, GED, or college credits. The guard listens to state governor and president. Although the National Guard is larger than the Reserves your promotion opportunities may sometimes be limited. The Army Reserve consists of mostly part-time soldiers who can be activated into full-time reserve positions in support of operations. The National Guard has a total of 54 separate organizations; one for each of the 50 states and the one for the territories of Guam, Virgin … The Army Reserves and Army National Guard are two components of the Army. Related Article: National Guard Military Police (MOS 31B): Career Details. Their vision is, “The most capable, combat-ready, and lethal Federal Reserve force in the history of the Nation.”. While this is true, the National Guard also serves their country and can be called into active duty to serve in their state or abroad. The Army Reserve is a component of the US Army. A guard component may be nearer home than a reserve duty station, or the opposite may be true. They include units such as the 3rd Medical, 200th Military Police, 11th Aviation and more. Joining the Reserve is similar to joining the National Guard in that each branch of service has its own benefits and requirements for becoming an Reservist-no two Reserve programs are exactly alike. Are UTAs essentially the same? See our advertising policy here. From a daily operational viewpoint, there are distinct differences between the ANG, established in 1903 by the "Militia Act" and the AF Federal Reserve, established in 1948 by Congress. Active Duty vs. Reserve Duty vs. National Guard. What It Takes; How to Join; Basic Training; Prior Service; Fitness Calculator Our 1SG was a Ranger who had served in Ranger Regt as was my Plt Sgt. The Army reserve accounts for almost half of the Army’s total maneuver support and ultimately saves money. 3 3. For example, a lot of Air Guard units offer 100% tuition for in-state colleges. The above ages are for entering into each Army component respectfully, without prior service. My Guard unit was comprised of roughly 90% former active duty Army and Marines. The Army Reserves falls under Title 10 of the U.S. Code while the National Guard falls under Title 32. The most unique aspect of the Air National Guard is that it exists as both a federal and state force. The National Guard is in every state, three territories, the District of Columbia and has over 150 career options. All Rights Reserved. Continue reading for more information on both, and 5 ways they are different. The most important thing to remember when comparing the National Guard and Army Reserve is that the National Guard is a "dual service," with … In every country there is a reserve component for its armed forces. Air Guard units perform both a state and federal mission, so members receive both federal and state-specific benefits. However, this is not true though both happen to … The primary difference between the guard and reserve components lies in the command. and serve under the Department of Defense. All five branches of the U.S. Armed Forces have reserve components. I commuted past half a dozen reserve units years ago because none of them had the job I wanted (cyber transport). Guardsmen are just as likely to be deployed locally as they are federally. Support commands will provide base operations, personnel support, logistics support, administrative support, retention and liaison support. Each branch of the military has a Reserve component and the Reserve are under the command of their respective military branch (e.g., Army Reserve are under the command of the Army). 5 Size. Although members of both the guard and reserve receive the same federal benefits, individual states can offer additional benefits for members of its guard. Working in the National Guard may offer more jobs because it is larger than the Reserves, but promotions may be limited and the type of MOS you can enter into may be limited. Copyright © 2020 www.OperationMilitaryKids.org. Both the Army Reserves and the National Guard offer low-cost health insurance options through Tricare. Guard members may train alongside active-duty personnel, particularly during their two-week exercises, or they may spend a drill weekend training as a separate unit. While both the Air National Guard and the Air Force Reserves may be called upon to enter combat, the reserves will typically be activated before the national guard troops. Also, because there are more positions and needs that are specific to that state, there could be more opportunities for recruiting bonuses that are not offered through the standard federal enlistment. Both the Reserves and National Guard allow individuals to work civilian jobs or attend school full time while serving in their MOS. Army Reserves has fully deployable units that depending on the command, can deploy as units or headquarters. So, I learned that the Army Reserves is NOT allowed to be activated for local emergencies. Close. The National Guard has a projected strength of over 340,000 soldiers. The Army National Guard is part of the US Army and comprised of mostly part-time soldiers (called Guardsmen) who serve both the state and the country. You can join the reserves without prior military experience and without ever serving on active-duty status, or you can transition to the reserves after serving in the military. In addition, the … Some states offer tuition assistance opportunities that are unique to that state. National Guard or Reserve member covered by part-time SGLI who incurred a disability or aggravated a pre-existing disability while performing inactive duty training or traveling to/from duty, OR; Member of the Individual Ready Reserve or Inactive National Guard; You … Reserve units are part of the federal armed forces, and as such they are under presidential command. Both the guard and reserve members can be activated or mobilized to support federal military actions abroad. 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